The group most likely to be killed by law enforcement is Native Americans

“The racial group most likely to be killed by law enforcement is Native Americans, followed by African Americans, Latinos, Whites and Asian Americans,” according to the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collected between 1999 and 2011 shows that Native Americans, who are 0.8 percent of the United States population, comprise 1.9 percent of police killings. They are 3.1 times more likely to be killed by police than whites. (Law enforcement kills African Americans at 2.8 times the rate of whites.) [EJI]

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Chart of the day: Trump supporters, white supremacy followers, Twitter

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A social-media analytics firm called Demographics Pro has released an analysis of 10,000 Trump supporters who are active on Twitter, and 10,000 Hillary Clinton supporters. It then matched those accounts with a list of 10 active, major white-nationalist Twitter accounts. (The company describes the way in which it chose and classified such sites here.)

What were the results? They’re shown on the chart above. Of the 10,000 Clinton followers, a total of 16 followed one or more of the major white-nationalist accounts, the likes of @DrDavidDuke and so on. Of the 10,000 Trump supporters, a total of 3,549—well over one-third—followed the white nationalists.

Following an account doesn’t necessarily make you an adherent. I follow @DrDavidDuke myself, along with several others on the list. But the disproportion here, while it doesn’t answer all questions about Trump Twitter world, suggests something about its nature.

A similar Demographics Pro analysis, of the overlap between conspiracy-theory sites and Trump supporters, is here. [link]

The single tax

What Bella DePaulo’s research reveals about the social and economic costs of being single:

Single people face discrimination in the workplace … DePaulo posits that single people’s non-work lives are often cast as less valid and valuable than married people’s. As a result, they’re often expected to cover while those with spouses or families leave the office early, take the leftover vacation slots or travel more on the assumption they have no need to be home. For US singles, there are also more concrete effects, like insurance benefits or Social Security benefits and pay: married men earn about 26 percent more than single menat equivalent levels.

… and are generally held in lower esteem than married counterparts. DePaulo and her colleagues created biographical sketches of people who were identical — except that half were single, while half were married. Participants judged the hypothetical singles to be less socially mature, less well adjusted, and more self-centered than their otherwise identical married counterparts. The effect was starker for hypothetical 40-year-olds — who, by cultural standards, are at a should-be-married age — but persisted for hypothetical 25-year-olds, too. [link]

Practice makes what?

So how much did practice actually explain? In a 2014 meta-analysis that looked specifically at the relationship between deliberate practice and performance in music, games like chess, sports, education, and other professions, Hambrick and his team found a relationship that was even more complex than they had expected. For some things, like games, practice explained about a quarter of variance in expertise. For music and sports, the explanatory power accounted for about a fifth. But for education and professions like computer science, military-aircraft piloting, and sales, the effect ranged from small to tiny. For all of these professions, you obviously need to practice, but natural abilities matter more. [link]

The political power of black women

The most reliable voters in the U.S. right now, who are getting to the polls at a higher rate than any other, aren’t white men (angry or not) or soccer moms (translation: suburban white women). An astounding 82 percent of African American women over age 18 cast ballots in 2012 (compared to 67 percent of white women)…

Indeed, black women’s electoral enthusiasm, combined with their preference for Democrats— Barack Obama got 96 percent of their vote in 2012—is the driver behind the much-hashed-over gender gap favoring the blue party. Without women of color (Latinas also went disproportionately Dem, but not as many voted), there is no gender gap: In 2012, Republican Mitt Romney got 56 percent of white women’s vote, similar to what John McCain and George W. Bush reaped previously. [link]

Is sub-Saharan Africa deindustrializing?

Andrew Mwenda writes:

With the exception of Ethiopia, Africa is de-industrialising. Recent growth has been sustained by high commodity prices and services. There are more manufacturing jobs in Vietnam alone than the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa combined. [link] [h/t Howard French]

Chris Blattman disagrees, observing:

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